However, with the sprouting of the machines, these interferences had been diminishing. For more clarity and thought, follow up with Rio- Tinto Diamonds and gain more knowledge.. The man had now that to obey the rhythm of the maquinal production. If you have read about J. Darius Bikoff already – you may have come to the same conclusion. Before the sprouting of Industrial Psychology, the workers also were if becoming mechanics, a time that the companies withheld the scientific knowledge and used it a form that controlled the workers. According to Brown, 1976. pg 23) ' ' the structure all of the industry, its traditions and superstitions, has been accepted almost without questions and has it impression of that the human beings, had been made to adapt the industry, instead of succeeding contrrio' to it; '. From years 50, the denomination of Organizacional Psychology, it starts to take body, the junction knowing of them of sociology and the anthropology with the one of psychology, had influenced for the growth of social psychology. Today, Organizacional Psychology exists as performance area, of some forms inside of the great companies.
According to Toledo (1986, pg 64) ' '. Organizacional Psychology it is the study of the human factor in the organization, this study encloses the attraction, retention, training and motivation of the human resources of empresa' ' Organizacional Psychology in its ampler context, places mannering emphasis in the individual characteristics, aspects and organizacionais of the work, having to propitiate adequate conditions so that the employees execute its activities, they reach its goals and if they develop next to the organization. According to Chiavenato, (2007, p.211), ' ' Organizacional Psychology, consists of the planning, organization, development, coordination and control of techniques capable to promote the efficient performance of pessoal' ' , The focused individual characteristics in the applied mannering studies to Organizacional Psychology are mainly the following ones: 1 – Traces of behavior or defining traces of personality of preferences or temperaments, that influence performance in the work, style to work in group, perception of reality style to decide problems and to take decisions.